Residential Architecture – Vo Trong Nghia’s Binh House reconnects Vietnamese growing urban environment with tropical nature thanks to landscaped concrete terraces with tree planted clefts and ventilated courtyards that overhangs and provide shade as well.
“Under the rapid urbanization, cities in Vietnam have diverged far from their origins as low density tropical green space. Newly developed urban areas are losing their connection with nature.” Says Vo Trong Nghia to Archipanic.
Binh house is a three storey building “Designed for a family of three generations. It aims to create spaces which allow its residents to interact despite their differences.” The project is a prototypical housing design, providing green space within high density neighborhood.
Gardens are located on top of the vertically stacking spaces, bounded by sliding glass doors. This strategy improves the microclimate by using natural ventilation and daylight in every room. The alternately stacking openings increase visibility and interaction between the family members. Living, dining, bedrooms, study room are continuously opened. Each room is visually connected to other rooms via gardens.
Communal spaces such as the kitchen, bathrooms, stairs and corridors are located in the west to limit heat radiation exposure towards frequently occupied areas. The vertical composition creates a lopsided pressure difference.allowing natural ventilation. The result is a building that always stays cool despite the tropical climate as air condition is rarely used.
The roof gardens host large trees for shading, therefore reducing indoor temperature. Vegetables can also be planted to serve its resident’s daily needs. This vertical farming solution is suitable for high-density housing whilst also contributing to Vietnamese way of life.
Using sustainable materials such as natural stone, wood and bare concrete combined with the microclimate, Vo Trong Nghia’s Binh House is sustainable as well and greatly reduces operational and maintenance costs as well.
All photos by Hiroyuki Oki, Quang Dam – Courtesy of Vo Throng Nghia.